Divisibility Rule of Numbers

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Divisibility Rule

Divisibility Rule

Divisibility by 2

All numbers are divisible by 2 if its first digit from your right side (Unit Place) contains 0, 2, 4, 6 or 8. Only all, even numbers are divisible by 2.

Number Unit Place Is divisible? Cause

110

0
Yes
Its Unit Place is 0
192
2
Yes
Its Unit Place is 2
234
4
Yes
Its Unit Place is 4
366
6
Yes
Its Unit place is 6
568
8
Yes
Its Unit Place is 8
651
1
No
Its Unit Place is 1
96767
7
NO
Its Unit Place is 7

Divisibility by 3

A number is divisible by 3 only if the sum total of all the digits is divisible by 3. We have to add all the digits of that number and check whether the number is divisible by 3 or not? If Yes then the number is divisible by 3.

Number Sum of Digits Is divisible by 3? Result

78

7+8=15
Yes
As 15 is divisible by 3 So 78 is divisible
134
1+3+4=8
No
As 8 is not divisible by 3 So 134 is not divisible
261
2+6+1=9
Yes
9 is divisible by 3 So 261 is divisible
378
3+7+8=18
Yes
As 18 is divisible by 3 So 378 is divisible
6566
6+5+6+6=23
No
As 23 is not divisible by 3 SO 6566 is not divisible
46323
4+6+3+2+3= 18
Yes
As 18 is divisible by 3 So 46323 is divisible by 3

Divisibility by 4

A number is divisible by 4 if its last two digits from your right hand side is divisible by 4. 

Number Last Two Digit Is divisible by 4? Result

156

56
Yes
As 56 is divisible by 4 So 156 is divisible
242
42
No
As 42 is not divisible by 4 So 242 is not divisible
456368
68
Yes
As 68 is divisible by 4 So 456368 is divisible by 4

Divisibility by 5

If the unit digit of any number is either 0 or 5 then we can say that the number is divisible by 5. Otherwise the number is not divisible by 5.

Number Last Digit Is divisible? Result

650

0
Yes
As the unit digit is 0 So 650 is divisible by 5.
56002
2
No
As Unit digit is not 0 or 5 so it is not divisible.
79856385
5
Yes
As the unit digit is 5 So 79856385 is divisible by 5

Divisibility by 6

We can check that a number is divisible by 6 only if the number is divisible by both 2 and 3. That means we have to apply the divisibility rule of 2 and divisibility rule of 3 to and check whether the number is divisible by both or not and it must be an even number.If not the number is not divisible by 6.

A number is divisible by 6 if it is an even number and divisible by 3.

Number Is divisible by 2? Is divisible by 3? Result

96

Yes
Yes
As the number is divisible by 2 and 3 the number is divisible by 6.
256
Yes
No
The number is divisible by 2 but ot divisible by 3 So 256 is not divisible by 6
263
No
Yes
As it is an odd number it is not divisible by 6
1266
Yes
Yes
As 1266 is divisible by 2 and 3 so it is divisible by 6.

Divisibility by 7

To check the divisibility rule of 7 we have to perform the following steps:

  1. Multiply the unit digit by 2.
  2. Now subtract the multiplication result from the remaining digits.
  3. If the subtraction result is divisible by 7 then the number is divisible by 7.

Note: Use this rule till 5 digit Number.

Number Unit Digit Double of Unit Digit Subtraction Result

161

1

1 × 2= 2

(16)1= 16-2=14
As 14 is divisible by So 161 is divisible by 7
306

6

6 × 2= 12
(30)6= 30-6=24
As 24 is not divisible by 7 So 306 is not divisible by 7
693
3
3 × 2= 6
(69)3= 69-6= 63
As 63 is divisible by 7 So 693 is divisible by 7

If the number exceeds 5 digits, then do not use the above divisibility rule. Because it will be difficult for you to check the divisibility.

Divisibility Rule of 7 more than 5 Digit Number

  1. First, make pairs of 3 digits from your right hand side.
  2. Add the alternative Pairs
  3. Subtract the addition result pairs

Lets understand by taking Examples

Q. Check whether 67666662 is divisible by 7 or not?

Step-1: Make Pair of 3 digits from right side (67) -(666)-(662)

Step-2: Add Alternative Pairs 67+662= 729

Step-3: Substract from the remaining pairs. 729-666=63

Here 63 is divisible by 7 So 6766662 is divisible by 7

Divisibility by 8

If the last 3 digits from your right hand side is divisible by 8 then then the number is divisible by 8.

One initial check is that the number must be an even number, otherwise the number is not divisible by 8.

Number Last Three Digit Is divisible by 8? Result

263152

152
Yes
As 152 is divisible by 8 So 263152 is divisible
566364
364
No
As 364 is not divisible by 4 So 566364 is not divisible
5663368
368
Yes
As 368 is divisible by 8 So 5663368 is divisible by 4

Divisibility by 9

A number is divisible by 9 only if the sum total of all the digits is divisible by 9. We have to add all the digits like the divisibility rule of 3 and check whether it is divisible by 9 or not.

Number Sum of Digit Is divisible by 9? Result

6363

6+3+6+3=18
Yes
As Sum 18 is divisible by 9 SO the number is divisible by 9
96364
9+6+3+6+4=28
No
As sum is 28 which is not divisible by 9 So the number is not divisible by 9.

Divisibility by 10

Any number which has the only unit digit 0 is divisible by 10.

Number Unit Digit Is divisible by 10? Result

62610

0
Yes
As its unit digit is 0 so it is divisible by 10
554545
5
No
As its unit digit is 5 so it is not divisible by 10

Divisibility by 11

A number is diviosible by 11 if the difference between the sum of even place and sum of odd places are divisible 11 or 0.

Number Sum of Even Places Sum of Odd Places Odd-Even Result

244354

5+4+2=11
4+3+4=11
11-11=0
As the difference is 0 so the number is divisible by 11
206140
2+6+4=12
0+1+0=1
12-1=11
As the diference is 11 which is divisible by 11 SO the number is divisible by 11
636652
5+6+6=17
2+6+3=11
11-17=-6
As -6 is not divisible by 11 so the number is not divisible by 11